About Chlorhexidine: History of Chlorhexidine

Chlorhexidine has been in use for almost 60 years and has been used in more than 60 pharmaceuticals and medical devices. Over that period, it has proven its broad-spectrum efficacy and safety. Chlorhexidine, in many instances, has become the standard in patient care for the prevention of disease and nosocomial infection. Although the molecule has been in use for a long time, it is still being used in new applications.

Imperial Chemical Industries

1950s — Chlorhexidine is discovered by the Imperial Chemical Industries, Limited (Manchester, UK) while researching the synthesis of anti-malarial agents.12,26

1954 — Chlorhexidine digluconate is first introduced commercially in the United Kingdom as a disinfectant and topical antiseptic.5

Bottle

1976 — Chlorhexidine's promise as an oral agent is first realized. It demonstrates its ability to inhibit the formation and development of plaque. The antiseptic is the most effective and safest anti-plaque agent to date, and is indicated for use in the general population and in high risk groups of patients.5

ChloraPrep

1988 — The first chlorhexidine and alcohol skin preparation combination is launched in the U.S.

BioPatch

1993 — The first chlorhexidine sponge dressing is cleared by the FDA.

Needless Connector

2010 — The first chlorhexidine-impregnated needless connectors are cleared by the FDA.

2010 — The first chlorhexidine-impregnanted Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter (PICC) is cleared as an antimicrobial catheter.

1954 — The Imperial Chemical Industries, Limited publishes an article about a new investigational antimicrobial. The article entitled "1:6-Di-4'-Chlorophenyldiguanidohexane ("Hibitane"). Laboratory Investigation of a New Antibacterial Agent of High Potency" explains the promise of chlorhexidine.4

Hand Soap

1970s — Hand washing with chlorhexidine is shown to reduce skin flora by 86% - 92%.13

1970s — Chlorhexidine is first introduced into the US.21

1981 — The first urology lubricant with chlorhexidine is cleared by the FDA.

ARROWg+ard Hub

1992 — The first chlorhexidine-based vascular access catheter becomes commercially available. It is impregnated with chlorhexidine and silver sulfadiazine.

Sage Q-care

2001 — Chlorhexidine is added to a ventilator bundle with comprehensive oral care.

Sage cloth

2005 — The 2% chlorhexidine gluconate cloth is cleared by the FDA for pre-operative preparation.

Evolution PICC

2012 — The first chlorhexidine-based PICC is cleared by the FDA as an antithrombogenic catheter in addition to its antimicrobial indication.

AGB+ is a registered trademark of Teleflex Incorporated or its affiliates.

Toothette, Q•Care and Sage are registered trademarks of Sage Products Incorporated.

BioPatch is a registered trademark of Ethicon Incorporated.

ICI and the Imperial Chemical Industries, Limited are trademarks or registered trademarks of Akzo Nobel N.V.